Geneva is a city in Switzerland that lies at the southern tip of expansive Lac Léman (Lake Geneva). Surrounded by the Alps and Jura mountains, the city has views of dramatic Mont Blanc. It is the second-most populous city in Switzerland after Zurich. Geneva has a cosmopolitan atmosphere and international flavor as a result of being headquarters for a number of multinational corporations and associations. The Red Cross was founded in Geneva in 1865, and from 1920 to 1946, the city was the headquarters of the United Nations. It is almost entirely surrounded by France and connected to the rest of Switzerland only by the lake and a narrow land strip along its northwest shore.
The climate of Geneva is a temperate climate, more specifically an oceanic climate. Winters are cool, usually with light frosts at night and thawing conditions during the day. Summers are relatively warm. Precipitation is adequate and is relatively well-distributed throughout the year, although autumn is slightly wetter than other seasons. The best time to visit Switzerland is between April and June, and September to October, when the weather is at best, and there aren’t too many tourists.
The shores of Lake Geneva have attracted visitors and invaders for millennia. The cheerful city of Geneva sits on the lake's western shore, lofty snowcapped peaks creating a gorgeous backdrop on all sides. The city is perfect for exploring on foot; hire a bike to venture further.
The most popular and important sites in Geneva includes Lake Geneva, Jardin Anglais, Place du Bourg-de-Four, Palais des Nations, Patek Philippe Museum, and Ariana Museum.
Geneva has an ancient cultural tradition. A scholarly elite long cultivated theology, philosophy, literature, and, especially since the 17th century, the natural and applied sciences. Numerous scientific organizations are based in Geneva, including the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), a leader in sub nuclear physics research, and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The Geneva City Conservatory and Botanical Gardens is a major botanical research Centre. In 1872 the Academy, in existence since the 16th century, became a university, and it has acquired an outstanding reputation.
Manufacturing is handicapped by lack of space and raw materials, but Geneva, as one of the oldest banking centers in Europe, has profited from an early start in capital accumulation. It benefits from a skilled labor force and managers who are international in outlook. Certain older activities, such as cotton textile manufacture, have disappeared, but watchmaking has a continuing tradition of precision and quality. Industrial production is diversified and is, above all, designed for export. The largest industry is the manufacture of instruments and precision machinery.
The chemical industry is the second largest in Switzerland, after that of Basel. It supplies luxury items—such as fragrances and bases for perfume—as well as medicines. The food-processing industry is important. Agriculture supplies such commodities as wheat, rapeseed, dairy products, and wine. Only about 1 percent of the canton’s people are employed in farming.